What is the most common cause of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy?

What is the most common cause of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy?

Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is most often caused by abnormal genes in the heart muscle. These genes cause the walls of the heart chamber (left ventricle) to contract harder and become thicker than normal. The thickened walls become stiff.

What are the complications of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy?

HCM Complications Heart failure. Stroke. Heart rhythm disorders (arrhythmias) Heart blockages.

Can a person not have hypertrophic cardiomyopathy?

The heart muscle can also thicken in people who do not have cardiomyopathy. This can happen because of high blood pressure or intensive athletic training over a long period of time. This type of thickening is not a genetic condition that can be inherited like hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and the thickening is generally mild.

Is there a genetic test for hypertrophic cardiomyopathy?

Genetic testing for HCM. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is an inherited heart condition, which means that it’s passed on through families. If your doctor thinks that you have HCM, you may be offered a genetic test to identify a faulty gene that may be causing your condition.

What are the symptoms of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy in children?

Symptoms: Possible symptoms include palpitations (“heart-racing” or “skipping heartbeat”), chest pain and shortness of breath with exertion, and fainting. Physical findings: The exam is usually normal other than a heart murmur. Medical tests: An echocardiogram is the main test used to make the diagnosis of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.

How are medications used to treat hypertrophic cardiomyopathy?

Medications can help reduce how strong the heart muscle squeezes and slow the heart rate so that the heart can pump blood better. Medications to treat hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and its symptoms may include: Beta blockers such as metoprolol (Lopressor, Toprol-XL), propranolol (Inderal, Innopran XL) or atenolol (Tenormin)

How serious is hypertrophic cardiomyopathy?

The majority of people with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) experience no significant complications from the disease. However, for a small number of people with HCM, it can be life-threatening. Among this minority, HCM can cause dangerous arrhythmias, or irregularities in the heart’s rhythm,…

Why is hypertrophic cardiomyopathy dangerous?

Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy can cause heart-related sudden death in people of all ages, but the condition most often causes sudden cardiac death in people under the age of 30. Obstructed blood flow. In many people, the thickened heart muscle obstructs the blood flow leaving the heart.

What are the symptoms of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM)?

  • especially during exercise
  • especially during exercise
  • especially during or just after exercise or exertion
  • fluttering or pounding heartbeats (palpitations)
  • which a doctor might detect while listening to your heart

    Can an EKG detect hypertrophic cardiomyopathy?

    An EKG is a simple, quick, noninvasive test to record your heart’s electrical activity. We can learn a lot about your heart from studying how your heart beats. EKGs can help detect hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and certain kinds of arrhythmias.