What is the Greek word for epidemic?

What is the Greek word for epidemic?

An epidemic (from Greek ἐπί epi “upon or above” and δῆμος demos “people”) is the rapid spread of disease to a large number of people in a given population within a short period of time.

What were Hippocrates books about?

The Hippocratic Corpus covers many diverse aspects of medicine, from Hippocrates’ medical theories to what he devised to be ethical means of medical practice, to addressing various illnesses.

What did Hippocrates believe about disease?

He was the first to regard disease as a natural, rather than a supernatural phenomenon, encouraging doctors to look at physical causes of illness and to use objective observation and critical deductive reasoning. Hippocrates believed that the causes of disease could be understood only through empirical study.

How did Hippocrates fight epidemics?

he fought the epidemic by building a great fire, which corrected the unhealthy atmosphere that caused the outbreak. Thucydides’ silence about this remarkable achievement of Hippocrates and the late date of the sources reporting it are strong witnesses against its historicity.

What is the original meaning of pandemic?

The word “pandemic” comes from the Greek “pan-“, “all” + “demos,” “people or population” = “pandemos” = “all the people.” A pandemic affects all (nearly all) of the people. By contrast, “epi-” means “upon.” An epidemic is visited upon the people.

What did epidemic mean before Hippocrates?

Before Hippocrates Nosos, meaning disease, was used by Plato in the 4th century BC and clearly had the same meaning 2 centuries earlier in the works of Homer and Aeschylus. Nosos encompasses disease of the mind, body, and soul: physical, including epilepsy, and moral (i.e., psychological and psychiatric).

When did Hippocrates write epidemics?

Written in the 5th century BC, Hippocrates’ Corpus Hippocraticum contains 7 books, titled Epidemics (3). Hippocrates used the adjective epidemios (on the people) to mean “which circulates or propagates in a country” (4). This adjective gave rise to the noun in Greek, epidemia.

What is Hippocrates theory?

The dominant theory of Hippocrates and his successors was that of the four “humors”: black bile, yellow bile, phlegm, and blood. When these humors were in balance, health prevailed; when they were out of balance or vitiated in some way, disease took over.

How long did the four humors theory last?

Led by Hippocrates in 400 B.C.E, this theory remained uncontested for nearly two thousand years influencing both Western and Eastern medicine, proposing that the human body consisted of four major fluids or humours that must be maintained in equilibrium in order to promote a good well-being.

What did the Greeks believe caused disease?

Greeks believed that evil spirits or angry gods caused diseases, and that the gods such as Asclepius, son of Apollo, could heal and cure diseases. Sacrifice and prayer, often at Asclepius’ shrine, were common methods of seeking remedy.

What is the root for pandemic?

The word “pandemic” comes from the Greek “pan-“, “all” + “demos,” “people or population” = “pandemos” = “all the people.” A pandemic affects all (nearly all) of the people.