What is the difference between hypoglycemia and diabetic coma?

What is the difference between hypoglycemia and diabetic coma?

You’re most likely to get hypoglycemia if you skip a meal after injecting insulin or if you take too much insulin. Diabetic comas happen when you don’t take steps to fix blood sugar that’s too high or too low.

Is diabetic coma the same as hyperglycemia?

A diabetic coma is a life-threatening diabetes complication that causes unconsciousness. If you have diabetes, dangerously high blood sugar (hyperglycemia) or dangerously low blood sugar (hypoglycemia) can lead to a diabetic coma.

What clinical manifestations are characteristic of a hypoglycemic coma?

Hyperglycaemic coma usually has a slow onset over many hours, with deepening drowsiness (but unconsciousness is rare, so an unconscious diabetic should always be assumed to be hypoglycaemic), signs of dehydration (dry skin, weak pulse, hypotension), acidosis (deep breathing), and ketosis (acetone smell on breath and …

What is hypoglycemia coma?

Hypoglycemic coma was defined as a state in which the patient was not arousable (or responded only to pain), with a blood glucose concentration of 2.72 mmol/L (49 mg/dL) or less, and responded symptomatically (a return of consciousness) to the administration of intravenous glucose.

What is the difference between insulin shock and diabetic coma?

Insulin shock refers to the body’s reaction to too little sugar – hypoglycemia – often caused by too much insulin. Diabetic coma refers to a victim of high blood sugar – hyperglycemia – who becomes confused or unconscious. These terms are confusing, and not because my blood sugar is too low.

How does hyperglycemia cause hypoglycemia?

The hormone insulin lowers blood sugar levels when blood sugar is too high. If you have type 1 or type 2 diabetes and need insulin to control your blood sugar, taking more insulin than you need can cause your blood sugar level to drop too low and result in hypoglycemia.

What are the different symptoms of hypoglycemia and hyperglycemia?

Symptom comparison chart

Blood sugar level Symptoms
Hypoglycemia hunger irritability trouble concentrating fatigue sweating confusion fast heartbeat shaking headache
Hyperglycemia extreme thirst dry mouth weakness headache frequent urination blurry vision nausea confusion shortness of breath

When does hypoglycemic coma occur?

Diabetic hypoglycaemic coma Hypoglycaemia, or low blood glucose levels (below 3.5 mmol/l), may occur if a person on insulin or certain other diabetes medications (such as sulphonylureas tablets): takes an extra dose or an increased dose. exercises strenuously without eating extra food or reducing their medication.

How do you manage a hypoglycemic coma?

If your blood sugar level is too high, you may need: Intravenous fluids to restore water to your tissues. Potassium, sodium or phosphate supplements to help your cells function correctly. Insulin to help your tissues absorb the glucose in your blood.

Can hyperglycemia cause insulin shock?